A bridge map helps us show relationships between two ideas, topics, areas, etc. This technique identifies similarities between relationships and creates analogies between a pair of words. The most common uses for a Bridge Map are scientific concepts, historic events, and mathematical relationships.
As shown in the examples below, the relating factor is a similar pair of words (or phrase) that fits both sides of an analogy.
When using a bridge map:
- First, identify the “relating factors” between the pairs that are being shared.
- In each pair, the item at the top relates to the bottom item in the same way.
- On the right side of the bridge, write in the second pair of things that have the same relationship connected with an “AS”
- The bridge can continue with more relating factors.
Thus, a Bridge Map provides a visual image for creating and interpreting analogies.
Bridge map examples:
The word “house” is synonyms for “home” AS the word “car” is a synonym for “automobile” as is a synonym for “jet”.
“Red” is the color of a rose AS yellow is the “color” of the “sun” AS “green” is the color of “grass”.
Relating factor for opposite of concepts – “Hot” is opposite to “Cold” AS “Old” is Opposite to “Young”.